According to the WIKIPEDIA, a stock market or equity market is a public market (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) for the trading of company stock (shares) and derivatives at an agreed price; these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

The size of the world stock market was estimated at about $36.6 trillion USD at the beginning of October 2008. The total world derivatives market has been estimated at about $791 trillion face or nominal value, The value of the derivatives market, because it is stated in terms of notional values, cannot be directly compared to a stock or a fixed income security, which traditionally refers to an actual value.

Moreover, the vast majority of derivatives 'cancel' each other out (i.e., a derivative 'bet' on an event occurring is offset by a comparable derivative 'bet' on the event not occurring). Many such relatively illiquid securities are valued as marked to model, rather than an actual market price. 11 times the size of the entire world economy.

If you are interested in entering the world of stock market, here are some useful resources for you to be equipped before stumbling and smashing yourself onto confusion and chaos.  It is better to arm yourself and plan ahead of what is to come.
Stock Investing For DummiesThe Neatest Little Guide to Stock Market Investing, 2010 EditionHow to Get Started in StocksA Beginner's Guide to Day Trading Online (2nd edition)

There are lots of websites available for you to visit and take time reading.

American Stock Exchange AMEX
The American Stock Exchange ® (Amex ®) offers trading across a full range of equities, options and exchange traded funds (ETFs), including structured products and HOLDR(SM).

New York Stock Exchange - NYSE Euronext
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the "Big Board", is a New York City-based stock exchange. It is the largest stock exchange in the world by dollar volume and, with 2,764 listed securities[1], has the second most securities of all stock exchanges.

Chicago Stock Exchange
Trades over 4000 stock issues. Features listed companies, membership information, exchange traded funds, career opportunities, publications, OTC issues and history.

Philadelphia Stock Exchange
Philadelphia Stock Exchange. Features latest market data, quotes, and listings for stocks, equity options, sector index options, LEAPS, and FLEX issues.
Boston Stock Exchange
The Boston Stock Exchange site contains financial information for its members and customers plus general facts about the BSE.

Hollywood Stock Exchange - The Entertainment Prediction Market
The Hollywood Stock Exchange - The Entertainment Prediction Market. Buy,Sell or Hold your favorite movies and stars in this virtual stock market.

South Pacific Stock Exchange
The South Pacific Stock Exchange (SPSE), formerly the Suva Stock Exchange, is currently the only licensed securities exchange in the Fiji Islands.

The NASDAQ Stock Market - NASDAQ Stock Market Quotes and Index - NASDAQ Stock Market News
NASDAQ Stock Market Quotes - Home of the NASDAQ stock market featuring stock market news, quotes and trading info.

Canadian Toronto Stock Exchange | TSX Group
Discover the Canadian stock market with current stock quotes, prices and listed companies at Toronto Stock Exchange.

London Stock Exchange
The London Stock Exchange is at the heart of global financial markets and is home to some of the best companies in the world.

Australian Securities Exchange - Stock Market Information, Stock Quotes - ASX
Find information for the Australian Securities Exchange including stock quotes, market data, share prices, tools and resources as well as investment information.

Australia NSX National Stock Exchange
The National Stock Exchange of Australia - Operates a Stock Exchange in Australia focussing on small to medium and high technology companies. Australia's second official stock exchange.

NYSE Euronext
Euronext.com, the official website of the Amsterdam, Brussels, Lisbon, Paris stock exchanges and Euronext.liffe derivatives exchange. 

FIND MORE LIST FROM http://www.danex-exm.dk/stock-exchange.htm  

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